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NHS Health Checks


Everyone Is At Risk of Heart Disease, Stroke, Diabetes, Kidney Disease & Some Forms of Dementia.

NHS Health Check Is For People Aged 40 – 74 & Can Help By Assessing Your Risk of Developing These Conditions

 

STROKE:  

 

A Stroke Happens When Blood Is Cut-Off From Part Of The Brain & Is A Medical Emergency – The Faster Treatment Is Given The Better Chance Of Recovery. 

 

At Your NHS Health Check Your Risk Of Stroke Will Be Assessed & You Will Be Advised How To Reduce That Risk.

 

Only Hospital Tests Can Confirm A Stroke But The F.A.S.T. Test Can Help You Identify One In Somebody

·         Face:   Has Their Face Fallen One Side

·         Arms:    Can They Raise Both Arms

·         Speech:   Is It Slurred Or Impaired

·         Time:         Time To Call 999 If You See These Signs


Avoiding Risk: 

Some Risk Factors Can’t Be Changed Such As: Being Over 65, If You’ve Previously Had A Stoke Or Heart Attack, There Is A History Of Stoke In Your Family, You Are Of South Asian, African Or Caribbean Descent

DEMENTIA:  

 

Around 60% Of Those With Dementia Have Alzheimer’s, 20% Have Vascular & Many Have A Mixture Of The Two

Alzheimer’s Is Due To Brain Shrinkage Following Nerve Cell Death While Vascular Results From Blood Circulation Problems 
               
Symptoms May Vary But Common Ones Include:

·         Forgetfulness – Usually The First & Most Obvious Symptom

·         Problems With ‘Executive Functions’ Like Managing Finances That A Person Could Do Before

·         Being Confused Even In A Familiar Environment

·         Changes In Personality Or Mood, Anxiety Or  Depression


Avoiding Dementia :  

 

Some Things We Can’t Change Like Age Or Family History.    The Following Aspects Of Lifestyle Can Increase Risk:

  • Lack Of Physical Activity
  • Regular Excessive Drinking Of Alcohol
  • Poor Diet With High Levels Of Fat & Sugar
  • Smoking Harms Blood Vessels In The Brain
  • Mid-Life Obesity Is A Risk Factor
  • Vascular Risks Include: High Blood
  • Pressure, High Cholesterol & Diabetes


Take Action  :  There Is Some Evidence That Lifestyle Changes Can Reduce Risk Of Some Types Dementia Plus Other Illnesses

If You Are 65-74 You Will Have A Brief Discussion With Your Health Professional About: Key Signs & Symptoms Of Dementia, How You Can Limit Risk & How To Access Support If You Need Assessment

Take Action  :  There Is Some Evidence That Lifestyle Changes Can Reduce Risk Of Some Types Dementia Plus Other Illnesses

If You Are 65-74 You Will Have A Brief Discussion With Your Health Professional About: Key Signs & Symptoms Of Dementia, How You Can Limit Risk & How To Access Support If You Need Assessment

CHRONIC HEART DISEASE (CHD):


Symptoms  :  First Signs Of Heart Disease Typically Are Such As: Chest Pain, Breathlessness & Heart Palpitations

If An Artery Becomes Totally Blocked Or Ruptures This Can Cause A Heart Attack Resulting In Permanent Heart Muscle Damage  - If Not Treated Straight Away This Can Be Fatal


Avoiding CHD :  You Are At Greater Risk If You  Have Diabetes Or A Family History Of Heart Disease

Lifestyle Risk Factors Include:

  • Smoking
  • High Blood Pressure
  • High Cholesterol
  • Insufficient Physical Activity
  • Being Overweight Or Obese


Take Action  :   At Your Health Check You Will Have A Discussion About Your Risk Of Chd  - This Will Include Results Of Relevant Tests Such As: Blood Pressure, Cholesterol & Body Mass Index

You Will Be Given Information & Advice On How To Maintain Or Improve Your Health  - If Necessary Including Medicines

DIABETES :  

 
There Are Two Main Types: 

 

·         Type 1 – Where No Insulin Is Produced By The Body

·         Type 2 – Far More Common : Where Either Insufficient Insulin Is Produced By The Pancreas Or The Body Does Not React Properly  -  Insulin Resistance  


There Is Nothing You Can Do About Type 1 – But Type 2 Can In Some Cases Be Prevented Or At Least Managed By Maintaining A Correct Weight Through  A Healthy, Balanced Diet & Regular Exercise

During Your Health Check Your Risk Of Developing Type 2 Diabetes Will Be Assessed & You Will Be Given The Support Plus Advice You Need To Help Reduce The Risk

What Is Diabetes  :  When We Eat Starchy Carbs Like Potatoes – Or Sugary Foods Like Chocolate Or Cake, Digestion Produces A Form Of Energy: Glucose.


Our Pancreas Produces A Hormone – Insulin – That Helps Cells Use The Glucose As Energy.
If We Don’t Produce Enough Insulin the Glucose Builds Up In the Blood – This Can Cause Damage to the Body

 

Symptoms:  In Type 1 Symptoms Usually Develop In A Few Weeks.
Type 2 Can Creep Up Over Years & Symptoms Such As The Following May Not Be Immediately Noticed:

 

  • Increased Thirst
  • Needing To Urinate More Often
  • Tiredness That Interferes With Life
  • Blurred Vision
  • Genital Itching Or Frequent Thrush
  • Slow Healing Of Wounds

 

Preventing Type 2  :  Getting Diabetes Is More Likely If You Are Overweight So You Can Make Lifestyle Changes To Reduce Risk:

 

  • Maintain A Healthy Weight
  • Lose Weight If Overweight Or Obese
  • Eat A Healthy, Well-Balanced Diet
  • Make Physical Activity Part Of Your Daily Life

At Your Health Check Your Risk Of Diabetes Will Be Assessed Through Some Simple Questions & Tests

If Your Results Show You Have A Lower Risk You Will Be Given Some Information & Advice To Help Keep It Low

If Your Risk Is Higher You May Be Offered A Blood Sugar Test & Nhs Support To Help You Lose Weight

Being Diagnosed With Diabetes :

Should Your Health Check Reveal You Have Diabetes Your Gp Will Talk To You About Medicines & Lifestyle Changes That Can Help

Being Diagnosed May Seem Overwhelming But It Need Not Stop You Leading A Normal, Healthy Life.  Early Diagnosis Is Important As It Makes It Easier To Manage The Condition.

CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE (CKD): 

 

The Kidneys Filter Toxins From Our Blood & Damage Can Cause A Wide Range Of Symptoms

CKD is Common & Mainly Associated With Ageing  -  About I In 5 Men & 1 In 4 Women Over 65 Has Some Degree Of CKD.

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